By Team Metacorp on June 7, 2024

End of Life Vehicle Scrapping Facility - Draft Guidelines 2024

End of Life Vehicle Scrapping Facility - Draft Guidelines 2024

Vehicle scrapping refers to the process of dismantling vehicles that have reached the end of their useful life and recycling or disposing of their components and materials in an environmentally responsible manner. The primary goal of vehicle scrapping is to reclaim valuable materials, safely manage hazardous substances, and minimize environmental impact

Steps in Vehicle Scrapping

Collection:

Vehicles are collected from owners, dealerships, or through government programs. This can include voluntary turn-ins, mandatory scrapping schemes, or vehicles involved in accidents.

Transportation:

Vehicles are transported to authorized treatment facilities (ATFs).

Pre-Treatment:

Documentation: Recording vehicle details, including registration, make, model, and VIN (Vehicle Identification Number).
Depollution: Removing hazardous materials such as batteries, oil, coolant, brake fluid, and fuel. This step is crucial for environmental safety.

Dismantling:

Parts Removal: Dismantling the vehicle to recover reusable parts like engines, transmissions, tires, and catalytic converters. These parts can be refurbished and sold as spare parts.
Component Separation: Segregating parts into different categories for recycling or disposal (e.g., metals, plastics, glass).

Shredding:

Shredding: The vehicle shell and non-reusable parts are shredded into small pieces using industrial shredders. Material Separation: Using various technologies like magnetic separation, air classification, and eddy current separators to sort materials such as ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, plastics, and glass.

Recycling and Disposal:

Waste batteries are disposed of as per the Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022. Waste tyres and used oil are disposed of and recycled under the Hazardous and Other Waste Management Rules, 2016.

Metals Recycling: Ferrous and non-ferrous metals are sent to metal recycling facilities, where they are melted down and reused in manufacturing.
Plastic and Rubber Recycling: Plastics and rubbers are processed into raw materials for new products. It is covered under the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2022
Hazardous Waste Disposal: Proper disposal of any remaining hazardous substances in compliance with environmental regulations.

E-waste as covered under E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022

The vehicles driving in India will have to undergo a fitness test after 15 years. If the vehicle failed the fitness test it will be scrapped.

Role of CPCB in vehicle Scrapping

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) plays a crucial role in the vehicle scrapping process in India, overseeing and ensuring that the scrapping activities adhere to environmental standards and regulations. Here are the key roles and responsibilities of CPCB in vehicle scrapping:

  • CPCB develops and issues guidelines for the environmentally sound management of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs). These guidelines cover various aspects of vehicle scrapping, including dismantling, depollution, recycling, and disposal of hazardous materials.
  • CPCB provides recommendations to the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change (Moef & CC) and other relevant bodies on policies related to vehicle scrapping. These recommendations help shape national regulations and standards.

Environmental Standards and Compliance

  • Setting Standards: CPCB sets environmental standards for vehicle scrapping facilities to ensure that the operations do not harm the environment. This includes standards for air and water pollution, noise levels, and the handling of hazardous waste.
  • Monitoring Compliance: CPCB monitors compliance with environmental regulations by conducting inspections and audits of vehicle scrapping facilities. Facilities that do not comply with the standards can face penalties or be shut down.

Responsibilities of producers: Producers play a crucial role in the successful implementation of the Vehicle Scrapping Policy 2024. By adhering to these responsibilities, they help ensure that end-of-life vehicles are managed in an environmentally responsible manner, contributing to resource conservation, pollution reduction, and overall sustainability.

  • Lifecycle Management: Producers are responsible for the entire lifecycle of the vehicle, from design to end-of-life disposal.
  • Authorized Collection Centers: Establishing or collaborating with authorized collection centers where consumers can bring their end-of-life vehicles.
  • Partnerships: Working with certified authorized treatment facilities to ensure that ELVs are processed in an environmentally sound manner.
  • Standards Compliance: Ensuring authorized treatment facilities comply with environmental standards and guidelines for vehicle dismantling and recycling.
  • Obtaining a one-time registration as a producer from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) involves a formal process where vehicle manufacturers and importers apply for official recognition and authorization to operate under the guidelines set forth by environmental regulations, specifically in the context of vehicle scrapping and recycling.
  • Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of the number of vehicles produced, collected, and processed for scrapping. This includes tracking the flow of materials recovered from ELVs.
  • Annual Reporting: Submit annual reports to the regulatory authorities detailing compliance with the recycling and recovery targets, as well as other responsibilities under the policy.

Compliance and Audits:

  • Adherence to Regulations: Ensure strict compliance with all regulations and guidelines related to vehicle scrapping.
  • Regular Audits: Participate in regular audits conducted by regulatory authorities to verify compliance with the policy requirements.

Responsibilities of Registered Owner

  • It shall be the responsibility of the registered owner to ensure that end-of-life vehicles are managed in an environmentally sound manner and deposited at the registered vehicle scrapping facility or the designated collection center.
  • The registered owner shall not hold the vehicle for more than six months and shall produce a Certificate of Deposit after its declaration as an End-of-Life Vehicle as per the prevailing rules.

Responsibilities of Bulk Consumer

  • The bulk consumer is required to register on the designated portal.
  • It is the responsibility of the bulk consumer to ensure that end-of-life vehicles are handled in an environmentally responsible manner and deposited at either the registered vehicle scrapping facility or the designated collection center.
  • The bulk consumer must submit annual reports detailing both the vehicle fleet and the end-of-life vehicles deposited at the Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility.
  • The bulk consumer must not retain the vehicle for more than six months and must provide a Certificate of Deposit upon its designation as an End-of-Life Vehicle, as per the current regulations.

Responsibilities of Collection Center

The Collection Center is responsible for gathering and storing End-of-Life Vehicles and then dispatching them to a Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility for further processing.

The Collection center must manage End-of-Life Vehicles in an environmentally responsible manner.

Responsibilities of Automated Testing Station

  • Automated testing stations are mandated to perform vehicle fitness tests using automated testing equipment in compliance with the regulations stipulated in the Central Motor Vehicles (Twenty-First Amendment) Rules of 2021.
  • The automated testing station shall maintain a record of the number of vehicles tested and link the data to the centralized online portal of the Central Pollution Control Board.

Responsibilities of Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility

  • The Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility is required to have an environmentally sustainable management infrastructure for the treatment, including de-pollution, and the collection of liquids, gases, catalysts, mercury-containing parts, batteries, and hazardous waste. Dismantling (segregation and separation of various types of waste), safe storage of various categories of waste in separate bins, recycling/refurbishing of materials (plastic, metals, tyres, batteries, and e-waste) on its own or through authorized recyclers or refurbishers.
  • The registered vehicle scrapping facility must operate within the guidelines established by the Central Pollution Control Board. These guidelines likely outline standards and procedures for environmentally responsible management of end-of-life vehicles, including processes for de-pollution, waste collection, and other aspects of facility operation.
  • The vehicle scraping facility possesses Extended Producer Responsibility certificates upon processing of end-of-life vehicles based on the quantity of steel from the end-of-life vehicles and uploads the data to an online portal for verification by the Central Pollution Control Board.
  • The registered vehicle scrapping facility submits quarterly reports to the State Pollution Control Board, detailing the weight of end-of-life vehicles received and the weight of materials (categorized) recycled, refurbished, processed, and sent for recycling or refurbishing, as well as common hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities.

Responsibilities of Central Pollution Control Board

  • The Central Pollution Control Board is mandated to register the producer (one-time) through the centralized online portal using Form within two weeks from the submission of a completed application.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board shall develop and maintain the centralized online Extended Producer Responsibility portal and develop the mechanism for the exchange of Extended Producer Responsibility certificates on the centralized online portal.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board shall generate Extended Producer Responsibility certificates in favor of a registered vehicle facility based on the quantity of steel recovered.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board shall suspend and/or cancel the registration, and/or impose environmental compensation in case of non-compliance of Extended Producer Responsibility obligations as per Schedule I after giving reasonable opportunity of being heard.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board, or through a designated agency, shall verify compliance by the producer through inspection and periodic audits. The actions against violations and non-fulfilment of obligations under these rules, including Extended Producer Responsibility obligations,.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board shall suspend and/or cancel the registration of producers and/or impose environmental compensation in the event of a violation of these rules by the registered entity.

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Responsibilities of State Government / State Pollution Control Board

  • The State Pollution Control Board is responsible for conducting one-time registration of the Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility in the centralized online portal.
  • If the information provided by the registered vehicle scrapping facility is determined to be false, the State Pollution Control Board will suspend or cancel the registration for a period of up to five years.
  • The State Pollution Control Board will verify the compliance of registered vehicle scrapping facilities through inspections and periodic audits. If violations of these rules are found, the registration of the registered vehicle scrapping facility may be suspended or canceled, and/or environmental compensation may be awarded in the event of a violation of these rules.
  • Drive awareness campaigns & incentivize customers to encourage the safe deposition of end-of-life vehicles at the registered vehicle scrapping facility or the designated collection center.

Action on violations and imposition of Environmental Compensation

  • Environmental compensation will be imposed for non-compliance with the provisions of these rules, including: Failure to meet prescribed Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) targets. Conducting activities without the required registration as mandated under these rules.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board is authorized to impose environmental compensation on producers who fail to meet their Extended Producer Responsibility targets or fulfill their responsibilities and obligations as outlined in these rules.
  • Environmental compensation shall be levied by the Central Pollution Control Board on producers operating with respect to non-fulfilment of their Extended Producer Responsibility targets, responsibilities, and obligations set out in these rules.
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