E-Waste Recycling Technology


E-Waste Recycling Technology: Innovations and Breakthroughs: Recycling e-waste (electronic waste) is a complicated process cycle because it is made up of many different materials such as computers, consumer electronics, mobile devices, household appliances, medical devices, industrial equipment, etc.

People have come up with different kinds of E-Waste Recycling Technology like using high heat (pyrometallurgy), chemicals (hydrometallurgy), or even tiny living organisms (bio-metallurgy). In this blog, we mentioned E-Waste Recycling Technology: Innovations and Breakthroughs, and E-waste type.

Pyrometallurgy (high heat)

Pyrometallurgy is a branch of metallurgy known as a high-heat recycle process. This is the science and technology of extracting and processing purified metals from their ores or other raw materials. It specifically deals with the extraction and refining of metals using high-temperature procedures, usually involving the application of heat.

  • Heating and Melting: The pyrometallurgy procedure depends on high temperatures to melt and separate metals from their ones or raw materials. These high temperatures can be gained through several means, like using furnaces or other heating devices.
  • Oxidation and Reduction: It is used to change the chemical composition of the materials being processed. It helps in separating the desired metal from impurities.
  • Smelting: Smelting is the most used E-Waste Recycling Technology. Where the ore is heated to high temperature in the presence of a decreasing agent to extract a metal from its ore. It contains the formation of molten metal, which can be separated from other materials.
  • Refining: in refining processes within the pyrometallurgical framework to overcome impurities and achieve the desired purity and quality.
  • Alloying: Pyrometallurgy is used to create alloys, which are used to create alloys, which are combinations of two or more metals. By melting and combining different metals at specific temperatures, several alloys with amazing properties can be produced.
  • Common Applications: Pyrometallurgical processes are used in the extraction of metals such as copper, lead, zinc, iron, and aluminum, among others. They are also employed in the production of multifarious alloys and high-temperature materials.


Hydrometallurgy is an eco-friendly process. It is a branch of extractive metallurgy that is the easiest way of getting valuable metals like gold or copper out of rocks or ores using liquids. It's like dissolving the metal you want in water, separating it from the other stuff in the rock, and then getting the metal back from the liquid. This technology-based procedure is used because it can work with ores that are difficult to process in other ways.

  • Leaching: In this process crushed ore is combined with a suitable solvent to dissolve target metal ions. This creates a metal-rich solution, while impurities remain behind as solid residues.
  • Separation: To separate the metal ions from the remaining chemicals in the metal ions, lots of separation techniques are used. Typical procedures include Precipitation, solvent extraction, ion exchange, and adsorption.
  • Purification: purification steps may be needed to gain superior-purity metal compounds. This can involve processes like crystallization,  precipitation, or electrowinning.
  • Recovery: Usually it involves melting, drying, or other suitable methods to obtain the final product.


Bio-metallurgy called biomining or biohydrometallurgy is a subset of hydrometallurgy that widely uses microorganisms, often creating bacteria, to extract and recover metals from ores, concentrates, or electronic waste. In bio-metallurgy, these microorganisms play an important role in the metal extraction process. 

  • Microbial Action: Specially selected microorganisms are introduced to the metal-containing material. These microbes can thrive in the difficult conditions of mining environments like high pH levels and acidic.
  • Bioleaching: They contain chemicals or enzymes that break minerals in the small parts, making the metals more soluble in water. This allows the metals to be simply extracted.
  • Metal Recovery: Now using the hydrometallurgical E-Waste Recycling technology metal can be separated and purified to use disffrent techniques such as precipitation, solvent extraction, or ion exchange.

E-Waste(Electronic Waste)

E-waste refers to discarded electronic devices and equipment that are no longer in use or have reached the end of their lifecycle. Here we mentioned the classification of e-waste: 

Household Electronics 

 Refrigerators, air conditioners, washing machines, dryers, electric radiators, ovens, microwaves etc.

IT and telecommunication devices

Laptops, notebooks, network cables, mobile phones, landline phones, printers, faxes, scanners, calculators, computers, etc.

Household electronics

Media players, alarm clocks, grinder juice mixers, electrical kettles, electric vents, iron steam, toothbrushes, toasters, etc.

Consumer devices

Television sets, radio receivers, MP3 players, video recorders, digital cameras, camcorders, personal video cameras, recorders, musical instruments etc.

Healthcare Devices

Medical thermometers, dialysis machines, laboratory equipment, radiotherapy equipment, etc.

Tools and machinery equipment items

Drills, sewing machines, tools for riveting, nailing or screwing, transistors, diodes, wires, motors, integrated generators, batteries, etc.

Lightning and illumination equipment items

Ballast, halogen, neon, LED, compact and different kinds of lamps, etc.

Monitoring and control equipment items 

Fire alarms, weighting machines, thermostats, microcontrollers etc.

Automatic dispenser machines

Soap dispenser, automatic dispenser, beverage dispenser, soap dispenser, etc.

Entertainment and athletics

Videogames, electric trains, car racing, toy sets, etc.

Contact MetaCorp For EPR Certification

EPR stands for E-waste Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) compliances, a forward-thinking approach that places the onus on producers like us to manage the entire life cycle of our products, from creation to disposal. Metacorp is a well-known organization that provides E Waste EPR Certificate services at an affordable price.

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