By Team Metacorp on 23 Jun 2021
How to get Pollution Board license for Chilling plants & Cold Storage?
Over the last decade, India's production of horticulture, dairy, and meat products has increased dramatically. India is currently ranked among the top three producers of a lot of commodities, including spices, fisheries, poultry and milk, fruits, and vegetables. Despite its huge output levels, India's current participation in global farm trade is negligible. The high amount of wastage across the value chain of critical perishables is a major impediment. In India, roughly 5-16 % of fruits and vegetables are wasted, 5.2 percent of inland fish is wasted, 10.5 percent of marine fish is wasted, 2.7 percent of meat is wasted and 6.7 percent of chicken meat is wasted.
Despite large production of perishable produce, India's cold chain potential remains untapped due to a high share of single commodity cold storage, high initial investment (for refrigerator units and land), lack of enabling infrastructure such as power and roads, lack of awareness for handling perishable produce and lapses in service delivery. It's a highly fragmented business, with the unorganized sector accounting for roughly 80% to 85% of total capacity. With 70-75 percent and 10-15 percent of the market, wholesalers and organized retailers are the most important users of cold chain services. In addition, irregular power supply, a lack of experienced staff, poor handling of perishables and the availability of technology and finance choices have a negative impact on the business.
The increasing urbanization and the rise of organized retail, food service and food processing sectors, on the other hand, are encouraging the growth of India's cold chain business. Establishing multipurpose cold storages and delivering end-to-end services to regulate parameters along the value chain is becoming more popular.
In 2020, the Indian cold chain market reached worth INR 1425.49 billion. Cold chains provide storage and distribution for products that must be kept at a specific temperature. India is the world's largest producer of milk, the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, and a major producer of seafood, meat, and poultry. The majority of these goods are temperature sensitive and must be stored and transported within particular temperature ranges. As a result, the country now has a fairly significant cold chain infrastructure. According to the some esimates, the Indian cold chain market would rise rapidly between 2021 and 2026.
What are the important registrations and certificate are required to setup chilling plants and cold storage?
- Determine the status of legal entity- In India, you must first establish a legal entity for your firm before you can begin doing business. In India, there are seven options for forming a legal corporation for a chilling plant or cold storage facility. -
- Proprietorship- It's a type of legal entity operated by a single person, with the firm's assets and liabilities owned by the same persons who own it. There is no distinction between a company and its proprietor.
- Partnership- It's a type of legal entity run by two or more persons, with the assets and liabilities of the company all belonging to the same people who operate it.
- Private limited company- A Private Limited Company is formed when two or more people want to share their earnings and liabilities and have registered their business under the Companies Act 2013.
- Public limited company- When seven or more people desire to share their profits and responsibilities, they form a company, which is not a private firm, under the Companies Act of 2013. A 'public company,' as defined by section 2(71) of the Companies Act 2013, is a firm that is not a private company and has a minimum paid-up share capital.
- One person Company- According to section 2(62) of the Companies Act 2013, a "One Person Company" is defined as a company having only one member. It's essentially a private company with a few distinguishing characteristics.
- Limited Liability Partnership- A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a corporate business structure that allows people with managerial and entrepreneurial skills to join and operate in a functional, innovative, and systematic manner while offering limited liability benefits and allowing partners to organise their internal structure as a partnership.
- Producer company
- Co-operative societies
- DIC/SSI/MSME/Udyog Aadhar Registration
Small scale industries and ancillary units (i.e., businesses with a plant and machinery investment of less than Ten million) shall register with the Director of Industries of the concerned state government.
The registration mechanism has no legal foundation. Units are generally registered to receive federal or state government benefits, incentives, or support. The items listed below are frequently included in the Center's incentive programme.
- Credit prescription (priority sector lending), interest rate differentials, and so on.
- Excise Exemption Scheme - Direct Tax Laws Exemption.
- Statutory support, such as the Interest on Delayed Payments Act and reservation.
- Pollution certification/NOC/Authorization - Before establishing a facility, every business firm must obtain prior authorization from the Concerned State Pollution Control Board. Every state has a pollution control department tasked with monitoring any pollution that occurs within its borders. The Central Pollution Control Board, which is overseen by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, divides industries into four categories. Chilling Plant and cold storage is classified as Orange in most states. A business entity must obtain the following permissions.
- Consent to establish- Occupier has to apply for consent to establish before construction of plant, or before installation of machine in already constructed premises.
- Consent to Operate – Before operating the plant, the occupier must apply for permission to do so. Before granting permission to operate, the concerned officer must visit the plant to ensure that the machine installation is complete and the plant is ready to operate.
What are the documents are required to obtain Pollution Board Certificate
- Pan card and UID of Authorized Person
- Property Paper/Rent Agreement with Rent permission
- Layout Plan
- Project Report
- Authorization Latter (Except Proprietorship)
- Electricity bill/ water bill (If any)
- CGWA Permission
- MOA and AOA/Partnership deed
What are the procedure the to obtain Pollution certificate/NOC /Authorization
- Create user id and password
- File an application through user id and password
- Payment of govt fee
- Inspection will conduct by concerned officer
- ATR preparation by department
- File sent for meeting or Regional officer or Head office as the case may be
- Approved in meeting or by Regional officer or Head office as the case may be
- Download certificate from Pollution control’s website
- No-Objection Certificate from Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) or State Ground Water Regulatory Authority
Every Business entity needs to take permission from Central Ground Water Authority or State Ground Water Authority for extracting of Ground Water. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 was adopted by the Indian Parliament to regulate, monitor, and manage pollution, as well as to protect the environment in the Union Territory of India. The Central Ground Water Authority was established under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, with the goal of developing and preserving all of India's water resources for future generations.
For more information on Central Ground Water Authority, click on metacorp
- Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI)
FSSAI- stands for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, as we all know. This authority ensures that all parties involved in the food industry, including those involved in food manufacturing, processing, storage, distribution, sale, and import, adhere to a set of scientifically based standards and guidelines, ensuring that food products are hygienic, meet quality standards, and can be safely consumed by humans. to get more information about license, visit Metacorp
- Trademark- A identifiable insignia, phrase, word, or symbol that designates a certain product and legally distinguishes it from all other items of its sort is referred to as a trademark. A trademark is a symbol that uniquely identifies a product as belonging to a certain firm and acknowledges that business's ownership of the brand. Trademarks are a sort of intellectual property that can either be registered or not.
Other Licenses required for Chilling plants and Cold Storages
- Trade License – to be issued by the respective municipality
- Labour License from State Labour Department
- Energy efficiency certificate (Ecerts) from Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)